Mayapple in bloom.

Podophyllum peltatum

The mayapple (also known as Adams Apple, mandrake root, American mandrake, raccoon berry, wild lemon, Indian apple, duck’s foot, hog apple, umbrella plant, ground lemon) is a native to wooded areas of eastern North America. The stems grow to 30–40 cm tall, with 2 or occasionally 3 lobed leaves. This plant produces a single white flower, which blossoms below the umbrella shaped leaves, which matures into a yellow-greenish fruit that ripens latter in the summer

Project Budburst’s ID Page

Project Budburst’s Phenophase ID Page


  1. First Flower: Date the first flowers are fully open. When open, you will see the stamens among the unfolded petals.
  2. Full Flower: Date when half or more of the flowers are completely open
  3. First Ripe Fruit: Date when you notice the first fruits becoming fully ripe or seeds dropping naturally from the plant. Ripening is indicated by the berries turning red, yellow, orange, or maroon.
  4. Full Fruiting: Date when half or more of the fruits are completely ripe or seeds are dropping naturally from the plant.
  5. All Leaves Withered: Date when most or all of the leaves that developed this season, have lost green color or are dried and dead.

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